When is Diwali in 2020, 2021 and 2022?
When is Diwali in 2020, 2021 and 2022?
The festival of Diwali is celebrated in October or November every year depending on the lunar calendar and cycle of the moon, which unlike solar calendar, is not fixed. According to the Hindu lunar calendar, Diwali is celebrate on the 15th of Kartik, which is Hindu’s holies month in the calendar.
Diwali Dates – When is Diwali
◙ Year 2020, Diwali is on November 14
◙ Year 2021, Diwali is on November 4
◙ Year 2022, Diwali is on October 24
Diwali Detailed Info
The Diwali festival is celebrated for five days. The biggest and central event of Diwali takes place on the third day throughout the entire India. The story behind the celebration is the return of the Hindu Lord Ram to his kingdom in Ayodhya after his exile, and his ultimate retrieval and rescue of his beloved wife from the clutches of Ravan, the demon king on Dussehra. Nevertheless, people in south India celebrate this festival as the reminder of the defeat of Narakasura. It is a single day event, called as Deepavali.
Deepavali often comes one day prior to Diwali date itself. However, sometimes the lunar days overlap which ultimately make the two fall on the same day. The deity Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, prosperity and good fortune is worshipped during the Diwali festival. Every day of Diwali is important and has a significant place in the event. These are as given below.
‣ Day 1 (November 12, 2020) Day 1 is called Dhanteras, or Dhanatrayodashi. Here “Dhan” refers to wealth while “teras” points to the day 13 of the lunar fortnight according to Hindu calendar. According to Hindu tradition, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and also the Hindu god of medicine named Lord Dhanvantari bestowed the nectar of immortality and Ayurveda on human race on this blessed day. In Tamil Nadu and Kerala a quite a few temples have been dedicated to Ayurveda and Dhanvantari. It is believed to be the Janam Bhoomi or the birth place of Goddess Lakshmi. Lakshmi as the legends have it was born from the churning of the sea, thus a special puja is arranged to welcome her. Traditionally it has economic aspect too.
There is a a big sale and purchase of precious metals including gold, silver etc (also kitchen utensils and other decoration pieces). People gamble and play cards, due to the well-established belief that this will result in bringing wealth and prosperity for the whole year.
‣ Day 2 (November 13, 2020) Day 2 is named as Chhoti Diwali (small Diwali) or Naraka Chaturdasi. “Naraka” means hell and “Chaturdashi” refers to the day 14 of a lunar fortnight according to the Hindu calendar. Lord Krishna and Goddess Kali, according to folklores, killed the demon Narakasura on this day. In Goa as a celebration and recollection of the memories, they burn the demon effigies. Naraka Chaturdasi of the year 2020 intersects, according to the calendar with Amavasya. Therefore, it will be celebrated on the same day, which is November 14.
‣ Day 3 (November 14, 2020) This day the day of the new moon known as Amavasya. Here the fact worth focus is that the most momentous day of the Diwali is also the darkest day of the entire month. And in North and South India, this otherwise darkest day of the mot is the much valued one. They worship Lakshmi. A special arrangement of puja is done in the evening in every corner of the India. Likewise, they worship Goddess Kali in Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. However, Kali Puja is commonly done one day prior to it according to lunar calendar. Additionally, on the same day of 2020 the south Indian Deepavali festival is also going to be celebrated.
‣ Day 4 (November 15, 2020) Day 4 has different meanings and connotations in different parts of India. Govardhan Puja is done in north India, as a celebration of Lord Krishna’s victory against Indra, the god of thunder and rain. In Gujarat, they celebrate it as a rejoicing day as the eve of a new year. In Karnataka, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, they celebrate the victory of Lord Vishnu against the demon king Bali which is named as Bali Padyami or Bali Pratipada.
‣ Day 5 (November 16, 2020) named as Bhai Duj, day 5 is devoted to demonstrating and celebrating the love and care to sisters, exactly like Raksha Bandhan which is celebrated as the day and love to to brothers. Sisters and Brothers celebrate the day as a day of get together and mutual affection. They share foods and gifts to demonstrate the connection of love and care between the siblings.
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