Verb Categories

English grammar contains different verb categories which have their unique identity and function in the sentence structure. This article focuses on various verb categories and explains these categories with concrete examples to help you identify them. The sample sentence are designed specifically to enhance your ease of understanding.

Physical Verbs

Physical verbs are action verbs. They depict some specific physical actions. If performing of an action involves a movement of your body or use of some tool, you use physical verbs to show it. For example, Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall; My pen writes quickly after the examiner announces the last 10 minutes of the exam; People must vote in the election; and should we Swim in the pool? Even when the action is not very active, or if the action takes place with the movement of the body or a tool, you count it a physical verb.


Look at the following examples with the physical verbs written in bold:

  • Let’s unite our energies for human welfare.
  • Let’s run to the corner and back.
  • hear the train coming.
  • You wear helmet while riding on your bike. That’s great!
  • Call me when you’re finished with class.
  • Please tell me when you can talk to me.

Mental Verbs

Mental verbs are the kind of verb which has a meaning connected with concepts and phenomena like understanding, planning, thinking, or discovering. Broadly speaking, mental verb points to a cognitive state which involves brain and rationality.


Look at the following examples with the mental verbs written in bold:

  • They know the answer.
  • My advisor recognized me from across the room.
  • Does she believe everything you tell her?

States of Being Verbs

These are also referred to as linking verbs. State of being verbs depict situations of conditions that exist. These are inactive verbs since they do not perform any action. They are different form of to be. These are found in the form of am, is, and are. State of being verbs are often complemented by adjectives.


Look at the following examples with the state of being verbs written in bold:

  • am a student.
  • They are stage performers.
  • She is sick.

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