Gerunds

Gerunds

yelllow slide with the word gerunds written on it

Gerunds are common grammatical concepts which we use on daily basis, regardless of whether we have knowledge of them or not. In this article, we will thoroughly discuss gerunds. Moreover, we will provide various examples to illustrate the concept. Thus you will feel an ease of its usage in your writing as well as your spoken language. Similarly, it will give you the competence to accurately recognize them inside the text.

Definition

A gerund is the –ing form of a verb used as a noun.

                   Gerund = Verb + ing

A gerund is used in the same way as the noun, i.e. as a subject or an object.

For example:

   s                    v

Playing tennis is fun.

Playing is a gerund. Here it is used as the subject of the sentence.

 s       v        o   

We enjoy playing tennis.

Here the gerund playing is used as the object of the verb enjoy.

                        Prep       O

He is excited about playing tennis.

Here the gerund playing is used as the object of preposition about.

Gerunds are formed with verbs, but they function as nouns. Thus it is an easy task to identify them from their structure. A gerund is formed when we add ‘ing’ to the tail of the verb. That is the only science to form it. Moreover, there is no other rule to form gerunds.

There is, however, one problem while you will come across this grammatical term. You need to have a little discerning eye to spot it. Confusion comes when it comes to the structure and form of a present participle. A present participle is also formed by joining ‘ing’ to the tail of a verb. Thus you must be able to identify gerunds correctly. Moreover, you need to have an ability to tell the difference between a gerund and a present participle.

Difference between a gerund and a present participle

You need to keep one thing in mind here, that gerunds are words that we form with verbs. Yet it functions as a noun. Conversely, present participle does not function as a noun. It rather acts as a modifier or a progressive verb. Thus the main point of separation between the two is that a gerund acts as a noun. However, present participle does not.

Exercises

We advise you to go through the examples of gerunds and or gerund phrases below. Moreover, notice the verb in the sentences. Thus you will find out that each one of their verbs ends in ‘ing’. Hence by the end of this short and quick survey of the term, we are sure, you will have no difficulty identifying gerund and or gerund phrase within the text.

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Let’s go fishing in the river next weekend.

The examination department delayed announcing the result today due to some inadvertent reasons.

Abraham understood that his riding on the heavy bull was the most incredible experience he had ever had.

I avoided looking towards her because she was busy solving her assignment.

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Infinitive

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This Post Has 17 Comments

  1. kashif hameed

    Examples of gerund:
    1)Playing cricket is my daily routine.
    2)Reading books is my hobby.
    3)A way to spend my leisure time is reciting the Holy Quran.
    4)He is improving his english skills.
    5)sleeping early at night is good habbit.
    6)he like eating pizza.
    Examples of infinitives:
    1)he likes to recite the Holy Quran.
    2)he likes to play hockey.
    3)he was ready to play.
    4)we are going to sleep.
    5)Aeroplane is ready to take the flight.
    6)I going to write an eassy.

  2. Zain-ul-Abidien FA20-BSE-064

    Gerund. Let’s go for shopping after lunch.
    Swimming is a good exercise.
    Infinitive
    Everyone wanted to go.
    I want to study math.

  3. Rabia Basri

    EXAMPLES OF GERUND:
    I prefer traveling by road than by air.
    I like writing in English.
    Writing in English is difficult.
    Playing candy crush is my favorite pass time.

  4. Rabia Basri

    EXAMPLES OF INFINITIVES:
    I like to eat fast food.
    She likes to buy hand made things.

  5. Asadullah

    Gerund

    Reading helps you learn English

    Let’s go dancing at the club tonight.

    Smoking causes lung cancer

    Infinitive

    He asked me not to be late.

    I am calling to ask you about dad.

    To know her is to love her.

  6. Kainat Rattas

    Examples of gerund;
    1: Swimming is a good exercise.
    2: sailing is my favourite sport.
    3: My favourite pastime is watching TV.
    Examples of infinitive;
    1: To write in English difficult.
    2: To eat junk food is not good for health.

  7. Waleed hassan

    Gerund:-
    1. I love reading books.
    2.Swimming laps is the most relaxing activity in the world.

  8. Mian Muhammad Hasnain

    Playing video games is my hobby.
    Playing cricket is so much fun.

  9. Mahnoor Saeed

    I like runing .
    Reciting holy Quran is my daily routine.

  10. Mahnoor Saeed

    I love going out to resturant .
    I like writting in english.
    Writting in english is difficult.
    Watching TV is my favorite pastime.

  11. Mahnoor Saeed

    I love going out to restaurant.
    I like writing in english.

  12. Mahnoor Saeed

    Writing in english is difficult.
    Watching TV is my favorite pastime.

  13. Kashaf Saleem

    Offering prayer is necessary

  14. Kashaf Saleem

    She is watching a horror movie

  15. Kainat Rattas

    Examples of gerund;
    1: we enjoy hiking.
    2: she stopped working at 6 o’ clock..
    3: Iqra keeps talking about her problems.
    Examples of infinitive;
    1: l hoop to see you again soon.
    2: You need to change your eating habits..

  16. ubaid ur rehman

    It is a good site for learning grammer

  17. ubaid ur rehman

    I t is a good site for student in English subject

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